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Breakfast | Cost/Funding | Commodity Program | Competitive Foods | Dairy | Food Safety | Fruits and Vegetables | Healthy Childhood Weight/Nutrition | Nutrition Education | Program Accountability | School Lunch | Summer Feeding | Wellness

Breakfast 

Growing School Breakfast Participation: New Ways to Deliver Breakfast to Students On-the-Go (pdf)
A School Nutrition Association report on ways school nutrition programs are delivering on-the-go breakfast to middle and high school students-  published in 2011.

Breakfast in the Classroom
"Breakfast in the Classroom is a joint initiative of Partners for Breakfast in the Classroom (Food Research and Action Center, National Association of Elementary School Principals Foundation, National Education Association Health Information Network, and School Nutrition Foundation) and funded by the Walmart Foundation to increase breakfast consumption among schoolchildren and spark the academic and nutritional gains associated with the morning meal. "

School Breakfast Scorecard (2009-2010): (pdf)
Food Research and Action Center’s most recent annual report on the School Breakfast Program published January 2011 

Maryland Meals for Achievement (MMFA) Breakfast Pilot Program (pdf)
Maryland State Department of Education report on the link between breakfast and learning focusing on breakfast in the classroom and universal breakfast

Minnesota's Fast Break to Learning Breakfast Program (pdf)
Minnesota Department of Children, Families and Learning report showing a strong connection between school breakfast consumption and improved test scores

New York Academics & Breakfast Connection Pilot 
The Academics and Breakfast Connection (ABC), a pilot project that served free breakfast to students in the classrooms of upstate New York schools, decreased hunger, absenteeism, tardiness, disciplinary referrals and the number of visits to the school nurse. From Nutrition Consortium of New York State.

Operations Survey Report 
SNA report on programs, nutrition policies, customer service, marketing, budgeting and staffing. Includes breakfast participation and types of service.

 

Cost/Funding 

Heats On: School Meals Under Financial Pressure (pdf)
SNA Report from September 2008 on school nutrition meal cost, rising food costs and funding challenges.

2006 Indirect Cost Study (pdf)
SNA survey report of over 900 school nutrition directors on indirect cost charges to school nutrition programs.

Operations Survey Report 
SNA report on programs, nutrition policies, customer service, marketing, budgeting and staffing. Includes breakfast participation and types of service.

SCHOOL MEAL PROGRAMS: Revenue and Expense Information from Selected States (pdf) 
GAO 2003

 

Commodity Program  

White Paper on USDA Foods (Commodities) (pdf)`
December 2008 USDA white paper on commodity food program for schools.

Commodity Foods-Is it Time for Change? 
Fall 2007 journal article on possible improvements to the USDA commodity program.

 

Competitive Foods 

From Cupcakes to Carrots: Local Wellness Policies One Year Later (pdf) 
September 2007 report tracks implementation progress of wellness policy topics including nutrition education, physical activity and nutrition guidelines.

Restricting Snacks in U.S. Elementary Schools Is Associated with Higher Frequency of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption
Examines whether a policy that restricts the availability of snack foods in schools is associated with greater fruit and vegetable consumption in a nationally representative sample of 5th grade children, University of South Carolina, 2008

Schoolwide Food Practices Are Associated With Body Mass Index in Middle School Students
Study from December 2005 Archives of Pediatric Medicine found a positive association between body mass index in young adolescents and schoolwide food practices such as foods used in school fundraising and in the classroom as incentives and rewards.

 

Food Safety 

School Meal Programs: Few Instances of Foodborne Outbreaks Reported, but Opportunities Exist to Enhance Outbreak Data and Food Safety Practices 
Government Accountability Office report from June 2003 on food safety in schools.

Operations Survey Report 
SNA report on programs, nutrition policies, customer service, marketing, budgeting and staffing. Includes data on HACCP and food safety training.

Impact of Educational Interventions Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) Program Implementation in Iowa Schools 
Spring 2007 journal article by Jeannie Sneed, PhD, RD, SFNS, CFSP; and Daniel H. Henroid, Jr., MS, RD, CFSP

 

Fruits and Vegetables 

Restricting Snacks in U.S. Elementary Schools Is Associated with Higher Frequency of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption
Examines whether a policy that restricts the availability of snack foods in schools is associated with greater fruit and vegetable consumption in a nationally representative sample of 5th grade children, University of South Carolina, 2008 

2004 School Fruit and Vegetable Procurement Study (pdf) 
SNA fruit and vegetable procurement in the open market vs the commodity program, participation in the DOD Fresh program, and much more.

Evaluation of the USDA Fruit and Vegetable Pilot Program (pdf)
USDA Economic Research Service report to Congress 2003

Healthy Childhood Weight/Nutrition 

The Effect of School on Overweight in Childhood 
Study from American Journal of Public Health, 2007 points to weight gain in children during summer when they are not in school.

Lower Risk of Overweight in School-aged Food Insecure Girls Who Participate in Food Assistance 
Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 2003 article concluded that food assistance programs like the NSLP play a protective role for low-income children's health.

 

Nutrition Education 

Behavioral Economic Concepts to Encourage Healthy Eating in School Cafeterias: Experiments and Lessons from College Students 
Economic Research Service/USDA report from December 2008, that offers several suggestions from the college foodservice environment that might promote healthy eating behaviors among high school students.

 

Program Accountability 

Implementing Direct Certification
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities report from 2006 on automatic enrollment in school nutrition programs

 

School Lunch 

Nutrition Standards and Meal Requirements for National School Lunch and Breakfast Programs
Institute of Medicine Phase I Proposed Approach for Recommending Revisions.

Nutritional Quality of Reimbursable School Meals Compared to Lunches Brought from Home (pdf)
Article from Spring 2001 issue of Journal of Child Nutrition and Management by Dr. Alice Jo Rainville

Saved by the Lunch Bell: As Economy Sinks, School Nutrition Program Participation Rises (pdf)
December 2008 report

How Long Does it Take Students to Eat Lunch? 
Article from Spring 2002 issue of Journal of Child Nutrition and Management by Dr. Martha Conklin

SCHOOL LUNCH PROGRAM: Efforts Needed to Improve Nutrition and Encourage Healthy Eating(pdf) 
GAO 2003

 

Summer Feeding 

Hunger Doesn’t Take a Vacation (pdf)
Report from 2008 by Food Research and Action Center on summer feeding programs

 

Wellness 

Well Done! School Nutrition Professionals Put Wellness Policies to Work
Spring 2008 publication from the School Nutrition Association provides inspiration and practical ideas for all in the school community who are committed to fostering healthy eating habits in children

From Cupcakes to Carrots: Local Wellness Policies One Year Later (in Adobe Acrobat format)
September 2007 report tracks implementation progress of wellness policy topics including nutrition education, physical activity and nutrition guidelines.

Foundation for the Future: Analysis of Local Wellness Policies from the 100 Largest School Districts (in Adobe Acrobat format)
On October 10, 2006, SNA released a report summarizing the characteristics of the wellness policies approved by the 100 largest school districts by enrollment.

Foundation for the Future II: Analysis of Local Wellness Policies from 140 School Districts in 49 States (in Adobe Acrobat format)
The above report was followed by a second report released in December 2006 examining wellness policies approved by a wide variety of school districts in 49 states. 

The Effect of Fast Food Restaurants on Obesity (pdf)
Study from January 2009 shows a connection between proximity of fast food restaurants to schools and increased overweight among students.

School lunch and snacking patterns among high school students: Associations with school food environment and policies
Students at schools with open campus policies during lunchtime were significantly more likely to eat lunch at a fast food restaurant than students at schools with closed campus policies - 2005 report from University of Minnesota

US secondary schools and food outlets 
One-third of schools nationwide have at least one fast food restaurant or convenience store within walking distance, University of Illinois at Chicago, 2007

 

 


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